A central air conditioning system produces cool air at a central location and delivers it to and from rooms by fans and ductwork. The performance of the air conditioner compressor makes the entire process of air conditioning possible. The cool air is produced when the compression of the coolant gas enables the compressor to discharge heat out of the house.
Types of Central Air Conditioners
Two types of central air conditioning systems include:
In a split air conditioning system, an indoor unit features the evaporator and an outdoor metal cabinet which has a compressor and condenser. Many split air conditioning systems’ indoor cabinet also features an air handler or a furnace. The indoor unit’s evaporator coil is installed either in the cabinet or main supply duct of the heat pump or furnace. A split system is a cost-effective choice to consider when your home already has a furnace but no air conditioner.
Packaged Central Air Conditioner
The compressor, condenser, an evaporator of a packaged central air conditioning system are all housed in one cabinet. It’s usually installed on a roof or on a concrete slab next to the foundation of the house. Return ducts and air supply come from indoors through the roof or the home’s exterior wall to connect with the packaged unit, which is located outdoors. A packaged central air conditioner features a natural gas furnace or electric heating coils. The central heater and the air conditioner eliminate the need for a separate furnace indoors.
Advantages of Central Air Conditioning System
You can enjoy the following advantages by installing a central air conditioning system in your home:
- Enhanced Air Quality
Central air conditioner circulates filtered air using the ductwork in your home, increasing the air quality remarkably. Clean air helps to improve your sleep quality, reduces your chances of being affected by allergies, and prevents respiratory problems. However, make sure to change the air filters once a month.
- Improved Convenience
Central air conditioning systems are less audible and usually installed outdoor. Therefore, they are the most convenient and space-saving option to consider.
- Heating/Air Conditioning Combo
You do not have to deal with two different systems for heating and cooling because a packaged central air conditioner features both a heater and an air conditioner, so you can set it to any temperature that you want.
- Multiple Functions
You can enjoy both heating and cooling through a central air conditioner, which saves you a considerable amount that you spend on buying two different units. Central air conditioning systems are easy to use and make your home look updated.
Is Central Air Conditioning a Good Investment?
Central air conditioners are a great option for those who plan to live in the house for several years, and if the house is facilitated with a forced-air heating system. A central air conditioner can be more expensive than room or window AC units, but the benefits outweigh the cost. A central air conditioner cools the entire house and is less audible, less visible, and more energy-efficient than window or room AC units. Therefore, it is a good investment that adds more value to a home.
Is Central Air Better Than Ductless?
A central air conditioner uses filters to eliminate pollen and dust particles to improve air quality. Regularly cleaning and maintaining the filters can help you enjoy clean air all year long.
What Is the Average Life of a Central Air Conditioning System?
With proper installation and maintenance, a central air conditioning system can last 12 to 15 years.